PHILIPPINES: The World Bank says that while labour force participation rates have improved in the Philippines, improving the "quality" of those new jobs remains a challenge.
The World Bank in its Philippine Economic Update report has categorized the jobs in the country as “poor quality” because a large share of employment opportunities in the Philippines still consist of low-paid jobs.
The organization believes that addressing job quality, and not the rate of unemployment specifically, will help to resolve the issues of poverty and inequality in the Philippine labour market.
Other pre-pandemic concerns that have continued to impact the general workforce includes the disproportionate impact of the public health crisis across gender lines and the widening gap between urban and rural developments.
World Bank country director for Brunei, Malaysia, Thailand, and Philippines Ndiame Diop said the government needs to mitigate the long-term impact of school closures on human capital, citing pandemic-induced forced learning losses on school children, particularly those belonging to low-income families who have poor to nil access to remote learning.
The World Bank also observed that as of September 2021, the labour market share of part-time workers remained higher than pre-pandemic levels, while the salary workers remained lower than before Covid-19 hit the work landscape.
In addition, some industries are more severely affected by job losses, with young female urban workers relatively more affected by the pandemic as compared with their male or their rural counterparts.
The World Bank noted that this uneven treatment is also reflected in the decline in wage employment while self-employment and unpaid family work increased.